Québec Parental Insurance Plan

Death of a Child

The concept of death of a child concerns the death of a child after birth. If your situation concerns a spontaneous or intentional medical termination of pregnancy, a stillbirth or a stillborn child, go to the Termination of Pregnancy page. 

There are no benefits for the death of a child.  However, you could be eligible for certain parental insurance benefit weeks, depending on your situation.

Death of a Child After Applying for Benefits

You must quickly call the Centre de service à la clientèle at 1-888-610-7727 so that we can update your file.  An agent can ensure that you will receive all the benefits to which you are entitled. 

Maternity Benefits

The death of a child has no effect on payment of these benefits, because they concern your recovery from pregnancy or childbirth.  If the child dies during the last or second-to-last maternity benefit week, it is possible that you are eligible for one or two parental benefit weeks.

Paternity, Parental, Adoption or Welcome and Support Benefits

The parents stop being eligible for these benefits at the end of the second week after the week of the child’s death. The benefits may end sooner if the parent received the maximum number of benefits to which he or she was entitled.  For example, if the child dies on Tuesday, the parent may be entitled to benefits during the week of the death and the next two weeks.  

Death of a Child Before Applying for Benefits

If you need support in your process, contact the Centre de service à la clientèle at 1-888-610-7727. An agent can explain the benefits to which you could be entitled, depending on your situation.  You may apply and your eligibility will be evaluated when the application is processed. 

Maternity Benefits

The death of a child has no effect on eligibility for maternity benefits, because they concern your recovery from pregnancy or childbirth. It is important to apply to the QPIP as soon as possible, because you cannot receive maternity benefits beyond the 20th week after the week of childbirth.  In addition, your benefits cannot begin sooner than six weeks before receipt of your application to the QPIP. 

Paternity, Parental, Adoption or Welcome and Support Benefits

For the parents to be eligible for these benefits, a proof of birth is required. It is important to apply to the QPIP as soon as possible, because your benefits cannot begin sooner than six weeks before receipt of your application to the QPIP.

The parents stop being eligible for these benefits at the end of the second week after the week of the child’s death. For example, if the child dies on Tuesday, the parent may be entitled to benefits during the week of the death and the next two weeks.

Death During Multiple Births or Adoptions

When the death of a child or children occurs in a context of multiple births or adoptions, special rules apply.  Contact the Centre de service à la clientèle at 1-888-610-7727. An agent can explain the benefits to which you could be entitled, depending on your situation.

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Last update: April 14, 2021