Québec Parental Insurance Plan

Benefits When a Child Arrives for Adoption before January 1, 2021

When a child arrives for adoption, the parents may be eligible for their type of benefits. This type of benefits has its special conditions concerning the benefit period within which the weeks of benefits must be taken by the parents. The number of benefit weeks is determined according to the choice of plan. Planning of benefit weeks accounts for this specific situation.

Type of Benefits

Adoption Benefits

Adoption benefits allow both parents to be present in order to care for their child. Therefore, the parents must be able to care for the child to be entitled to adoption benefits. The benefit weeks may be taken at the same time by both parents or in different weeks. The adoption benefits are shareable between the parents. The number of adoption benefit weeks is determined according to the choice of plan: basic plan or special plan. See the Choice of Plan table.

Arrival of the Child for Adoption During the Month of December 2020

The parents whose child arrived for adoption during the month of December 2020, may be entitled to adoption-related welcome and support benefits. If this is your case and you have not received information on the subject, contact the Centre de service à la clientèle for more information..

Document Confirming the Intention to Adopt

This is an official document coming from the authority responsible in Québec for your adoption procedures. For adoption benefits, proof of intention to adopt is required to establish that the child has arrived for adoption. After your application is received, you will receive a request for information, which will indicate the document to provide depending on your situation.

Benefit Period

You may receive your benefits within a specified period.

  • The adoption benefits may begin in the week in which the child arrives at one of the parents for adoption. In the case of an adoption outside Québec, the benefits may begin no sooner than two weeks before the scheduled date of the child's arrival at one of the parents for adoption.
  • Subject to exceptions, the benefits must end no later than 52 weeks after the child's arrival.

The date considered as the date of the child's arrival for adoption depends on the type of adoption:

  • For regular adoption, Indigenous custom adoption and adoption under the Banque Mixte (Mixed Bank) Program, this is then date when the child is placed physically with the family.
  • For special (intrafamily) adoption and adoption of a child already placed in the foster family, this is the date of the court filing of the application for an order to place the child for adoption.
  • For an adoption outside Québec, this is: 
    • either the date when the child, who was physically entrusted to the adoptive parents by the relevant authority, arrived in Québec
    • or the date when the child is entrusted to the adoptive parents in the province or country of origin by the relevant authority when the parents make the request.

A benefit week always begins on Sunday and ends on Saturday. It is impossible to split the week into days. For example, if your choice arrives on Wednesday and you worked Monday and Tuesday, you may 

  • either begin your benefits in previous Sunday and declare your earnings for Monday and Tuesday
  • or begin your benefits the following Sunday.

Go to the page Earnings to Declare While Your Receive Benefits.

Choice of Plan

When you apply for benefits, you must choose between two options: the basic plan or the special plan.

  • The basic plan grants more benefit weeks, during which lower benefits are received. 
  • The special plan grants higher benefits, spread over a shorter period.

This choice therefore determines the number of parental insurance benefit weeks that may be paid and the percentage replacement of your earnings for these weeks. 

Type of Benefits Basic Plan Special Plan
Adoption
Shareable benefits

37 weeks

  • First 12 weeks: 70% of earnings*
  • Next 25 weeks: 55% of earnings*

28 weeks

75% of earnings*

Basic Plan Special Plan
Adoption
Shareable benefits

37 weeks

  • First 12 weeks: 70% of earnings*
  • Next 25 weeks: 55% of earnings*

28 weeks

75% of earnings*

*The amount of the benefit is calculated according to the percentage of average weekly earnings (% of earnings) 

Both parents must choose the same plan. The choice is determined by the first of the two parents who files an application. This binds the other parent, even in the case of shared custody. Go to the Date of Application page.

Important

Once your application is received by the QPIP, it will no longer be possible to change plans and this will apply for the duration of the benefit period. 

To find out which benefits you could be entitled to claim depending on your situation, to estimate their amount or to evaluate which of the two plans is more advantageous for you, use the Benefit Calculation Simulator.

Planning of Benefit Weeks

The benefit weeks may be taken at the same time by both parents or at different times within the benefit period. It is possible to plan the allocation of benefit weeks to adapt to different realities.

Informing the Employer

You must agree with your employer on the time of your intended leave, regardless of whether you are eligible for parental insurance benefit weeks. The Act respecting labour standards contains provisions on leave for family events. To learn more, visit the Commission des normes, de l'équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CNESST) website or call its telephone service at 1-844-838-0808.

Planning of Benefit Weeks

When you complete your application, indicate all the weeks you wish to take. If your situation changes, you may modify, add or delete benefit weeks according to your needs, by accessing your file online

Here are some examples that take the parents’ reality into account. The basic plan was considered in each situation.

Example 1: Benefit weeks taken at the same time

Jean-Philippe and Mireille have adopted two children. They want to care for their children together. They take all the weeks to which they are entitled at the same time.

Mireille will receive 19 adoption benefit weeks.

Jean-Philippe will receive 18 adoption benefit weeks.

Total for both parents: 37 benefit weeks

Example 2: Benefit weeks taken in different periods

Without being absent from work too long, Marguerite and Monica want their child to stay at home as long as possible. They therefore decide that after the week the child arrives, Marguerite will stay alone with their child for the first part of the leave. Monica will stay alone with the child for the second part of the leave. 

Marguerite will receive 19 adoption benefit weeks.

Monica will receive 18 adoption benefit weeks.

Total for both parents: 37 benefit weeks

Example 3: Adoption benefit weeks taken by only one of the two parents

Marie-Michèle and Frédéric want to obtain the maximum benefits from the plan. Frédéric is a student and receives low insurable earnings from his part-time job. They decide that Marie-Michèle will take all the adoption benefit weeks.

Marie-Michèle will receive 37 adoption benefit weeks.

Frédéric will not receive any weeks.

Total for both parents: 37 benefit weeks

Last update: April 14, 2021