The benefit amount to which you are entitled is based on, among other things:
- The qualifying period
- Your income
- The type of benefit (birth/adoption)
- The selected plan
- An increase for low-income families.
The qualifying period is the period for which your earnings are taken into account to set your benefit amount. For wage earners, this period is normally the 52 weeks preceding the benefit period. It can, however, be extended to as many as 104 weeks if you were unable to work and receive insurable earnings (the earnings taken into account to set your benefit amount), in particular for the following reasons:
- You received indemnities from the Commission des normes, de l’équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail.
- You received employment insurance benefits.
- You received benefits under the Québec Parental Insurance Plan (QPIP).
- You received indemnities from the Société de l’assurance automobile du Québec.
Decrease in insurable earnings during the qualifying period
If you meet certain conditions you can request that your qualifying period be changed if your usual insurable earnings decreased for a period of time. You can request that the start date of the qualifying period taken into account to set the amount of your benefits be the 52-week period preceding the week of the most recent inability to receive a portion of your earnings for one of the following reasons:
- During your qualifying period, you were unable to receive a portion of your earnings for one of the following reasons:
- you received employment insurance benefits or benefits under an Emploi-Québec employment assistance measure
- you were ill, injured or pregnant
- you were quarantined
- you were detained in a prison, penitentiary or another similar institution
- you were on strike or locked out
- you were receiving indemnities from the Commission des normes, de l’équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail
- you were receiving benefits under the QPIP
- you were receiving indemnities from the Société de l’assurance automobile du Québec
- you were receiving salary insurance
- You must have been unable to receive a portion of your income during the last 26 weeks of your qualifying period, weeks during which you were receiving insurable income. This provision only applies if the decrease in your income occurred during the 52-week period preceding your benefit period and was for one of the reasons mentioned above.
To establish your benefit amount, we take into account the earnings on which you were required to contribute to the QPIP.
Steady employment income (salary)
We consider that your employment income was steady if you have had one employer and your normal gross weekly salary has always been the same over the 26 weeks preceding the date you wish your benefits to begin. (A public service employee is an example of a person in this situation.)
If this describes your situation and you wish to receive provisional benefits, you must declare the amount of your gross weekly income (salary).
Variable employment income (salary)
We consider that your employment income was variable if your normal gross weekly salary has not always been the same over the 26 weeks preceding the date you wish your benefits to begin. For example, the number of hours varies from week to week; you receive tips or commissions; or you have not worked every week over the past year.
If this describes your situation, you must:
- indicate the number of Records of Employment you have received over the 52 weeks preceding the date you wish your benefits to begin (a pay statement or T4 slip, for example, cannot replace a Record of Employment)
- declare the dates of the calendar weeks (Sunday to Saturday) in which you neither worked nor received remuneration while you had a job
Applications whose benefit period begins on or after September 26, 2021
You could be eligible for an increased benefit if you meet the following requirements:
- Your benefit period begins on or after September 26, 2021
- Your average weekly earnings are less than the equivalent of a normal work week of 40 hours paid at the general minimum wage rate, adjusted yearly to reflect the increased minimum wage effective in Québec.
Your eligibility for an increased benefit is determined automatically. No action is required from you in order to receive the increased benefits.
To find out which benefit amount you could be entitled to depending on your situation or to evaluate which of the two plans is best for your situation, use the Benefit Calculation Simulator.
Applications whose benefit period begins before September 26, 2021
You could be eligible for an increase in your benefit amount if your net family income is less than $25,921 for the taxation year in question.
Your eligibility for the increase in benefits is assessed at your request and according to the rules established.
It is important that you inform us without delay of any change in your situation.