Québec Parental Insurance Plan

Benefits for a Pregnancy or a Birth for a child born on or after January 1, 2021

During pregnancy or after the birth of a child, the parents may be eligible for different types of benefits. Each type of benefits has its special conditions concerning the benefit period within which the weeks of benefits must be taken by the parents. The number of benefit weeks is determined according to the choice of plan. Planning of benefit weeks accounts for this specific situation.

Types of Benefits

Maternity Benefits

The purpose of maternity benefits is to allow recovery from pregnancy or childbirth. Only a person who has experienced pregnancy, childbirth or termination of pregnancy after 19 full weeks of gestation may be entitled to these benefits. In the case of interruption of pregnancy, see the Termination of Pregnancy page. The number of maternity benefit weeks is determined according to the choice of plan: basic plan or special plan. See the Choice of Plan table.

Paternity Benefits

Paternity benefits are exclusive to the father or to the female spouse of the mother who gave birth if the spouse is registered on the act of birth. They allow the parent to be present in order to care for the child. Therefore, the parent must be able to care for the child to be entitled to paternity benefits. The number of paternity benefit weeks is determined according to the choice of plan: basic plan or special plan. See the Choice of Plan table.   

Parental Benefits

Parental benefits allow both parents to be present in order to care for their child. The benefit weeks may be taken at the same time by both parents or in different weeks. Some parental benefits are shareable, while others are not. The number of parental benefit weeks is determined according to the choice of plan: basic plan or special plan. See the Choice of Plan table.   

Shareable Parental Benefits

The birth of a child entitles the parents to parental benefit weeks, which both parents may share by mutual agreement. Additional parental benefit weeks are offered when each parent has been paid a certain number of shareable parental benefit weeks.

Exclusive (Non-Shareable) Parental Benefits

Only parents who had more than one child from the same pregnancy are entitled to non-shareable parental benefit weeks. Each parent is entitled to the same number of benefit weeks. These benefit weeks may not be shared between the parents or transferred to the other parent, and do not entitle the parent to additional parental benefit weeks.

Benefit Period

You may receive your benefits within a certain period, which varies according to the type of benefits.

  • Maternity benefits may begin before birth, no sooner than the 16th week before the week scheduled for childbirth. Subject to exceptions, these benefits must end no later than 20 weeks after the child is born.
  • Paternity benefits and parental benefits may begin in the week the child is born and must end, subject to exceptions, no later than 78 weeks after the child is born.

A benefit week always begins on Sunday and ends on Saturday.  It is impossible to split the week into days.  For example, if your child is born on Wednesday and you worked Monday and Tuesday, you may: 

  • either begin your benefits the previous Sunday and declare your earnings for Monday and Tuesday
  • or begin your benefits the following Sunday.

Go to the page Declaring income while you are receiving benefits.

Choice of Plan

When you apply for benefits, you must choose between two options: the basic plan or the special plan.

  • The basic plan grants more benefit weeks, during which lower benefits are received. 
  • The special plan grants higher benefits, spread over a shorter period. 

This choice therefore determines the number of parental insurance benefit weeks that may be paid and the percentage replacement of your earnings for these weeks.  

Type of Benefits Basic Plan Special Plan
Maternity
Non-shareable benefits  

18 weeks

70% of earnings*

15 weeks

75% of earnings*

Paternity
Non-shareable benefits  

5 weeks

70% of earnings*

3 weeks

75% of earnings*

Parental
Shareable benefits 

32 weeks

  • First 7 weeks: 70% of earnings*
  • Next 25 weeks: 55% of earnings*

4 additional benefit weeks once 8 shareable parental benefit weeks have been paid to each parent: 55% of earnings

25 weeks

75% of earnings*

3 additional benefit weeks once 6 shareable parental benefit weeks have been paid to each  

Parental for Multiple Births
Non-shareable benefits  

5 weeks to each parent

70% of earnings*

3 weeks to each parent

75% of earnings*

Basic Plan Special Plan
Maternity
Non-shareable benefits

18 weeks

70% of earnings*

15 weeks

75% of earnings*

Paternity
Non-shareable benefits

5 weeks

70% of earnings*

3 weeks

75% of earnings*

Parental
Shareable benefits 

32 weeks

  • First 7 weeks: 70% of earnings*
  • Next 25 weeks: 55% of earnings*

4 additional benefit weeks once 8 shareable parental benefit weeks have been paid to each parent: 55% of earnings

25 weeks

75% of earnings*

3 additional benefit weeks once 6 shareable parental benefit weeks have been paid to each  

Parental for Multiple Births
Non-shareable benefits 

5 weeks to each parent

70% of earnings*

3 weeks to each parent

75% of earnings*

*The amount of the benefit is calculated according to the percentage of average weekly earnings (% of earnings) 

Both parents must choose the same plan. The choice of plan is determined by the first of the two parents who files an application. This binds the other parent, even in the case of shared custody. Go to the Date of Application page.

Important

Once your application is received by the QPIP, it will no longer be possible to change plans and this will apply for the duration of the benefit period.

To find out which benefits you could be entitled to claim depending on your situation, to estimate their amount or to evaluate which of the two plans is more advantageous for you, use the Benefit Calculation Simulator

Planning of Benefit Weeks

The benefit weeks may be taken at the same time by both parents or at different times within the benefit period. It is possible to plan the allocation of benefit weeks to adapt to different realities.  

Informing the Employer

You must agree with your employer on the time of your intended leave, regardless of whether you are eligible for parental insurance benefit weeks. The Act respecting labour standards contains provisions on leave for family events. To learn more, visit the Commission des normes, de l'équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CNESST) website or contact its telephone information service at 1-844-838-0808.

Planning of Benefit Weeks

When you complete your application, indicate all the weeks you wish to take. If your situation changes, you may modify, add or delete benefit weeks according to your needs, by accessing your file online.

Here are some examples that take the parents’ reality into account. The basic plan was considered in each situation. 

Example 1: Benefits to receive additional parental benefit weeks

Annie and Sébastien want to receive additional parental benefit weeks. By doing their planning, they ensure that each of them will receive eight shareable parental benefit weeks. 

Annie will receive 46 benefit weeks:

  • 18 maternity benefit weeks
  • 28 shareable parental benefit weeks (including the additional weeks).

Sébastien will receive 13 benefit weeks:

  • 5 paternity benefit weeks
  • 8 shareable parental benefit weeks

Total for both parents: 59 benefit weeks

Example 2: Benefit weeks taken at the same time

Jean-Philippe and Mireille are expecting twins. They want to care for their children together. They take all the benefit weeks for which they are eligible at the same time. In addition, because they have shared enough shareable parental benefit weeks, they are entitled to four additional parental benefit weeks. 

Mireille will receive 35 benefit weeks:

  • 18 maternity benefit weeks
  • 17 parental benefit weeks
    • 5 non-shareable parental benefit weeks for multiple births
    • 12 shareable parental benefit weeks (including the additional weeks).

Jean-Philippe will receive 34 benefit weeks:

  • 5 paternity benefit weeks
  • 29 parental benefit weeks:
    • 5 non-shareable parental benefit weeks for multiple births
    • 24 shareable parental benefit weeks (including the additional weeks).

Total for both parents: 69 benefit weeks

Example 3: Benefit weeks taken in different periods 

Without being absent from work too long, Marguerite and Monica want their child to stay at home as long as possible. They therefore decide that after the week the child is born, Marguerite will stay alone with their child for the first part of the leave. Monica will stay alone with the child for the second part of the leave. In addition, because they have shared enough shareable parental benefit weeks, they are entitled to four additional parental benefit weeks.

Marguerite will receive 29 benefit weeks:

  • 18 maternity benefit weeks
  • 11 shareable parental benefit weeks

Monica will receive 30 benefit weeks:

  • 5 paternity benefit weeks
  • 25 shareable parental benefit weeks (including the additional weeks).

Total for both parents: 59 benefit weeks

Example 4: Benefits taken with an interruption due to a seasonal job

Karine and Maxime have a seasonal business that is very active all summer. They therefore choose not to take benefits during the summer period to work on their business. In any case, they have 78 weeks to take their benefit weeks. In addition, because they have shared enough shareable parental benefit weeks, they are entitled to four additional parental benefit weeks.

Karine will receive 36 benefit weeks:

  • 18 maternity benefit weeks
  • 18 shareable parental benefit weeks (including the additional weeks).

Maxime will receive 23 benefit weeks:

  • 5 paternity benefit weeks
  • 18 shareable parental benefit weeks (including the additional weeks).

Total for both parents: 59 benefit weeks

Last update: April 14, 2021