Québec Parental Insurance Plan

Benefits When a Child Arrives for Adoption on or after January 1, 2021

When a child arrives for adoption, the parents may be eligible for different types of benefits. Each type of benefit has its special conditions concerning the benefit period within which the weeks of benefits must be taken by the parents. The number of benefit weeks is determined according to the choice of plan. The number of benefit weeks is determined according to the choice of plan. Planning of benefit weeks accounts for this specific situation.

Types de prestations

Adoption Benefits

Adoption benefits allow both parents to be present in order to care for their child. Therefore, the parents must be able to care for the child to be entitled to adoption benefits. The benefit weeks may be taken at the same time by both parents or in different weeks. Some adoption benefits are shareable, while others are not. The number of adoption benefit weeks is determined according to the choice of plan: basic plan or special plan. See the Choice of Plan table.   

Shareable Adoption Benefits  

The parents may share the adoption benefit weeks between them, according to their agreement.  Additional adoption benefit weeks are offered when each parent has been paid a certain number of adoption benefit weeks. Only shareable adoption benefits may entitle the parents to additional benefit weeks. 

Exclusive (Non-Shareable) Adoption Benefits 

Each parent is entitled to a number of non-shareable adoption benefits. These benefit weeks may not be shared between the parents or transferred to the other parent. 

When more than one child is adopted at the same time, an additional number of non-shareable adoption benefit weeks is offered to each parent. 

Adoption-Related Welcome and Support Benefits 

The purpose of the adoption-related welcome and support benefits is to meet the specific needs of parents who adopt a child.  These benefits allow the parents to be present in order to care for the child. The two parents may share these benefits between them, according to their agreement. The number of adoption-related welcome and support benefit weeks is determined according to the choice of plan: basic plan or special plan. See the Choice of Plan table.   

The adoption-related welcome and support benefits are not taken into account to obtain additional shareable adoption benefits.  The parents may choose to receive shareable adoption benefits before taking advantage of adoption-related welcome and support benefits, if this option is more advantageous for them.  

Document Confirming the Intention to Adopt

This is an official document coming from the authority responsible in Québec for your adoption procedures. For adoption benefits, proof of intention to adopt is required to establish that the child has arrived for adoption.  After your application is received, you will receive a request for information, which will indicate the document to provide depending on your situation.

Benefit Period

You may receive your benefits within a specified period.

  • The adoption benefits and the adoption-related welcome and support benefits may begin in the week in which the child arrives at one of the parents for adoption. In the case of an adoption outside Québec, the benefits may begin no sooner than five weeks before the scheduled date of the child's arrival at one of the parents for adoption. 
  • Subject to exceptions, the benefits must end no later than 78 weeks after the child's arrival.

The date considered as the date of the child's arrival for adoption depends on the type of adoption:

  • For regular adoption, Indigenous custom adoption and adoption under the Banque Mixte (Mixed Bank) Program, this is the date when the child is placed physically with the family. 
  • For special (intrafamily) adoption and adoption of a child already placed in the foster family, this is the date of the court filing of the application for an order to place the child for adoption. 
  • For an adoption outside Québec, this is
    • either the date when the child, who was physically entrusted to the adoptive parents by the relevant authority, arrived in Québec
    • or the date when the child is entrusted to the adoptive parents in the province or country of origin by the relevant authority when the parents make the request.

A benefit week always begins on Sunday and ends on Saturday. It is impossible to split the week into days. For example, if your choice arrives on Wednesday and you worked Monday and Tuesday, you may: 

  • either begin your benefits the previous Sunday and declare your earnings for Monday and Tuesday
  • or begin your benefits the following Sunday.

Go to the page Earnings to Declare While Your Receive Benefits.

Choice of Plan

When you apply for benefits, you must choose between two options: the basic plan or the special plan.

  • The basic plan grants more benefit weeks, during which lower benefits are received.
  • The special plan grants higher benefits, spread over a shorter period.

This choice therefore determines the number of parental insurance benefit weeks that may be paid and the percentage replacement of your earnings for these weeks. 

Type of Benefits Basic Plan Special Plan
Adoption
Non-shareable benefits

5 weeks to each parent

70% of earnings*

3 weeks to each parent

75% of earnings*

Adoption-Related Welcome and Support Benefits 
Shareable benefits

13 weeks

70% of earnings*

12 weeks

75% of earnings*

Adoption
Shareable benefits

32 weeks

  • First 7 weeks: 70% of earnings*
  • Next 25 weeks: 55% of earnings*

4 additional benefit weeks once 8 shareable adoption benefit weeks have been paid to each parent: 55% of earnings

25 weeks

75% of earnings*

3 additional benefit weeks once 6 shareable adoption benefit weeks have been paid to each parent: 75% of earnings

Multiple Adoption 
Non-shareable benefits

5 weeks to each parent

70% of earnings*

3 weeks to each parent

75% of earnings*

Basic Plan Special Plan
Adoption
Non-shareable benefits

5 weeks to each parent

70% of earnings*

3 weeks to each parent

75% of earnings*

Adoption-Related Welcome and Support Benefits 
Shareable benefits

13 weeks

70% of earnings*

12 weeks

75% of earnings*

Adoption
Shareable benefits

32 weeks

  • First 7 weeks: 70% of earnings*
  • Next 25 weeks: 55% of earnings*

4 additional benefit weeks once 8 shareable adoption benefit weeks have been paid to each parent: 55% of earnings

25 weeks

75% of earnings*

3 additional benefit weeks once 6 shareable adoption benefit weeks have been paid to each parent: 75% of earnings

Multiple Adoption 
Non-shareable benefits

5 weeks to each parent

70% of earnings*

3 weeks to each parent

75% of earnings*

*The amount of the benefit is calculated according to the percentage of average weekly earnings (% of earnings) 

Both parents must choose the same plan. The choice of plan is determined by the first of the two parents who files an application. This binds the other parent, even in the case of shared custody. Go to the Date of Application page.

Important

Once your application is received by the QPIP, it will no longer be possible to change plans and this will apply for the duration of the benefit period.

To find out which benefits you could be entitled to claim depending on your situation, to estimate their amount or to evaluate which of the two plans is more advantageous for you, use the Benefit Calculation Simulator.

Planning of Benefit Weeks

The benefit weeks may be taken at the same time by both parents or at different times within the benefit period. It is possible to plan the allocation of benefit weeks to adapt to different realities.

Informing the Employer

You must agree with your employer on the time of your intended leave, regardless of whether you are eligible for parental insurance benefit weeks. The Act respecting labour standards contains provisions on leave for family events. To learn more, visit the Commission des normes, de l'équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CNESST) website or call its telephone service at 1-844-838-0808.

Planning of Benefit Weeks

When you complete your application, indicate all the weeks you wish to take. If your situation changes, you may modify, add or delete benefit weeks according to your needs, by accessing your file online

Here are some examples that take the parents’ reality into account. The basic plan was considered in each situation.

Example 1: Benefits to receive additional adoption benefit weeks

Annie and Sébastien  want to receive additional adoption benefit weeks. By doing their planning, they ensure that each of them will receive eight shareable adoption benefit weeks.

Annie will receive 46 benefit weeks:

  • 5 shareable adoption benefit weeks
  • 13 adoption-related welcome and support benefit weeks
  • 28 shareable adoption benefit weeks (including the additional weeks).

Sébastien will receive 13 benefit weeks:

  • 5 shareable adoption benefit weeks
  • 8 shareable adoption benefit weeks

Total for both parents: 59 benefit weeks

Example 2: Benefit weeks taken at the same time

Jean-Philippe and Mireille have adopted two children. To care for them, they decide to take all the weeks for which they are eligible at the same time.  In addition, because they have shared enough shareable adoption benefit weeks, they are entitled to four additional adoption benefit weeks.

Mireille will receive 35 benefit weeks:

  • 5 non-shareable adoption benefit weeks for the adoption of more than one child at the same time
  • 5 non-shareable adoption benefit weeks
  • 7 adoption-related welcome and support benefit weeks
  • 18 shareable adoption benefit weeks (including the additional weeks).

Jean-Philippe will receive 34 benefit weeks:

  • 5 non-shareable adoption benefit weeks for the adoption of more than one child at the same time
  • 5 non-shareable adoption benefit weeks
  • 6 adoption-related welcome and support benefit weeks
  • 18 shareable adoption benefit weeks (including the additional weeks).

Total for both parents: 69 benefit weeks

Example 3: Benefit weeks taken in different periods

Without being absent from work too long, Marguerite and Monica want their child to stay at home as long as possible. They therefore decide that after the week the child is adopted, Marguerite will stay alone with their child  for the first part of the leave. Monica will stay alone with the child for the second part of the leave. In addition, because they have shared enough shareable adoption benefit weeks, they are entitled to four additional adoption benefit weeks.

Marguerite will receive 29 benefit weeks:

  • 5 non-shareable adoption benefit weeks
  • 6 adoption-related welcome and support benefit weeks
  • 18 shareable adoption benefit weeks

Monica will receive 30 benefit weeks:

  • 5 non-shareable adoption benefit weeks
  • 7 adoption-related welcome and support benefit weeks
  • 18 shareable adoption benefit weeks (including the additional weeks).

Total for both parents: 59 benefit weeks

Example 4: Benefits taken with an interruption due to a seasonal job

Karine and Maxime have a seasonal business that is very active all summer. They choose not to take benefits during the summer period to work on their business. In any case, they have 78 weeks to take their benefit weeks. In addition, because they have shared enough shareable adoption benefit weeks, they are entitled to four additional adoption benefit weeks.

Karine will receive 36 benefit weeks:

  • 5 non-shareable adoption benefit weeks
  • 13 adoption-related welcome and support benefit weeks
  • 18 shareable adoption benefit weeks (including the additional weeks).

Maxime will receive 23 benefit weeks:

  • 5 non-shareable adoption benefit weeks
  • 18 shareable adoption benefit weeks (including the additional weeks).

Total for both parents: 59 weeks

Last update: April 14, 2021