Maternity benefits are available exclusively to the woman who gave birth. They cannot be shared between both parents.
The person who receives maternity benefits may also be entitled to parental benefits.
In a case of an interruption of pregnancy, the person may be entitled to maternity benefits only.
The table below indicates the maximum number of benefit weeks and percentage of average weekly earnings for each type of benefit, depending on the plan chosen.
|Type of Benefits||Basic Plan||Special Plan|
|Maximum number of benefit weeks||Percentage of average weekly income||Maximum number of benefit weeks||Percentage of average weekly income|
(exclusively for the woman who gave birth)
|18||70 %||15||75 %|
(may be shared between the biological parents)
|7||70 %||25||75 %|
Example 1 :
Under the basic plan, a mother may receive a maximum of 50 benefit weeks, i.e., 18 weeks of maternity benefits and 32 weeks of parental benefits if the father agrees that she alone receives all parental benefits.
Example 2 :
Under the special plan, a mother may receive a maximum of 40 benefit weeks, i.e., 15 weeks of maternity benefits and 25 weeks of parental benefits if the father agrees that she alone receives all parental benefits.
To find out the estimated amount of benefits to which you may be entitled, you can try the benefit calculation simulator before applying.
You must agree with your employer on the time of your leave. The Act respecting labour standards has provisions on leave for family events. For more information, contact the Service des renseignements of the Commission des normes, de l'équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CNESST) at one of the following numbers: 1 800 265-1414 (toll-free) or 514 873-7061. You can also visit the CNESST website.
If you have made arrangements with your employer to take paid vacation days within the first 18 weeks following the birth of your child, please note that you could lose maternity benefit weeks under the Québec Parental Insurance Plan. As a rule, maternity benefit weeks cannot be paid later than the 18th week following the week of the birth. It is therefore preferable to make arrangements with your employer to schedule such paid vacation days for after your parental leave period.
If you apply for benefits before your child is born, you are required upon birth to send us the information on his or her identity as per the birth certificate (family name, first name, date of birth and gender). This information is required for payment of the parental benefits.
Last update: 2015-02-25